European Starling

Waxwings, Phainopepla, and Starlings

European Starling

Sturnus vulgaris

All Year

Waxwings, Phainopepla, and Starlings

European Starling

Daniel Fitzgerald

European Starling

Daniel Fitzgerald

Found in or near places of human habitation. 


In the breeding season, note iridescent black/purple colors on head and underparts, dark brownish wings, and yellowish bill. In the winter, acquires a speckled appearance, and bill is duller. Starlings differ from blackbirds by having a comparatively shorter tail. These birds may mimic vocalizations of other species.


Nests in natural cavities, but may also use nest boxes intended for other, native species if the hole is large enough. As a result the introduction of starlings has adversely affected many native species that also nest in cavities (e.g. bluebirds). 


Diet includes invertebrates, fruits, berries, and seeds. 

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